“Esperanto: is a constructed auxiliary language. Its creator was Ludovic Lazarus Zamenhof, a Polish eye doctor. He created the language to make international communication easier. His goal was to design Esperanto in such a way that people can learn it much easier than any other national language.”
Above and below quotes from Wikipedia Simple English version.
“An International auxiliary language (short, IAL or auxlang) is a language intended for communication between people who have different first languages. An international auxiliary language can play the role of national languages, such as English, Spanish or French, or constructed languages, such as Esperanto and Interlingua.”
So, the bigger scale is IAL and within it, there is Esperanto. According to Wikipedia, IAL includes 11 languages. The merit of Esperanto is in its unique structure that makes it easy for everyone. No country in the world actually acknowledges Esperanto as an official language. The underlying sounds and semantics are essentially Slavic but the actual words seem like they are based on French, Spanish and German. Below is the example.
Mi estas studento: I am a student.
Some may disagree, but I think English will suffice as the International language. Estimated number of Esperanto native speakers are 2000 people around the world. And how are we supposed to communicate with them? Of course, I understand Esperanto was created as a second language to English or any other major language that is spoken now in the world…
And this whole thing kinda reminds me of the Tower of Babel myth. If we only spoke one language, there would be no need of translators and interpreters and the world might have been an easy place communication-wise. BUT, language is something that shapes one’s personality. And I’m a bit scared of the world with a united language, because if that happens then each country speaker may end up having lost his or her uniqueness and individuality. Each language represents a unique communication that is only understandable to the speakers of that language; and every language has different phrasings and meanings and nuances. So, it is nearly impossible to make a complete language that would include all the different ideas from different languages. (Thus, probably, Esperanto should be regarded as a second language)
I personally think there is another reason for Esperanto but let’s not dive into conspiracy theories.
If you want to know more, try Universal Esperanto Association
Bonan Tagon, Millennials.